. Sports medicine specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating injuries
and illnesses related to participation in sports and/or exercise. However you
certainly do not have to be an "athlete" to consult a sports physician. The
patient may have an acute or overuse injury that has occurred at home, work or
play. Furthermore the problem may have had a gradual onset and be part of normal
ageing (for example osteoarthritis).
. There is a misconception that sports-related problems are solely
musculoskeletal problems. Sports medicine can encompass an array of specialties
including cardiology, neurology, respiratory medicine, rehabilitation medicine,
environmental medicine (heat/cold illness, altitude/diving), exercise
physiology, biomechanics, sport psychology and pharmacology/drugs in sport.
. Sports medicine also encompasses the challenges of exercise and sport for
special populations such as children in sport, pregnant athletic women and also
. The sports medicine "team" includes specialist sports physicians and
orthopedic surgeons, physiotherapists, dieticians, sports scientists, athletic
trainers, podiatrists, coaches, as well as the athlete himself/herself.
. Because of the competitive nature of many sports, a primary focus of sports
medicine is the rapid recovery of patients to health, which drives many
innovations in the field.